Traditional recipes

Just Released: 17 Wines From Germany, Alsace

Just Released: 17 Wines From Germany, Alsace

Like the crush of garden tomatoes that reward us in late summer, we have just received a crush of soothing summer wines from Germany (from the importer Valckenberg) and from Alsace. Most, but not all, are rieslings, and we even have a red wine waiting at the end for all of you who roll up your leggings and wade through the following 16 white wines.

Let’s start with the two pinot blancs from Alsace, followed by two pinot gris. The 2010 Roland Schmitt Alsace pinot blanc ($19) has a soft, luscious mouthfeel and the flavors of mellow pears and cream — a pear puff? — with good acidity to clear. Moderately dry. The 2009 Mittnacht Freres Alsace pinot blanc ($17) is also soft on the palate with a savory note added, but is not as complex or as long as the Schmitt.

The 2010 Willy Gisselbrecht "Tradition" Alsace pinot gris ($16) is a little gamey in the nose, juicy on the palate, with some dark honey notes. Good presence, but not elegant, something to drink with ripe fruits. And the 2010 Blanck Alsace pinot gris ($23) is a real keeper — excellent intensity and concentration of flavors with great length and acidity and lots of citrus, spice, and minerality.

The 2011 Valckenberg Pfalz Silvaner gewürztraminer ($14) is well integrated — quite nice, mellow, lightly sweet, and mildly spicy, while the 2011 Castell Kugelspiel silvaner trocken ($28) from this much-planted and very occasionally praised variety has a little sauvignon blanc-style weediness, except it’s softer. Uhhh — perhaps paired with vegetables stir-fried in soy?

On to rieslings, dry and sweet!

The 2010 Lucien Albrecht Alsace riesling reserve ($17) is a manly riesling — tangy fruits, assertive, with lots of tannin and a hint of riesling oiliness. It can keep up with any roasted chicken. The 2011 Undone Rheinhessen dry riesling ($11) with the corset on the label shows the greener side of the grape — a lot of tart apples — with some dusty tannins, while the 2011 Liebfrauenstift Rheinhessen dry riesling ($19) has a more-floral, spun-sugar nose, yet is lean and dry with good acidity.

Now, two wines which are pricier and each exquisite in their own ways. In the normal course of things, I wouldn’t see the need to decant a dry riesling, but both of these fly just out of the bottle tightly wound and need some air to blossom. The 2011 Johannishoff Rheingau “Charta” riesling ($25) is very citrusy — orange peel — very concentrated with some honeysuckle notes in the finish and aromatic bitters around the edges. The 2010 Kesselstatt Josephöfer Mosel GG riesling trocken ($67) is one of the finest food rieslings I’ve had in a long time — very elegant with a lean tartness, excellent intensity of fruit and structure, and a savory spiciness. I would love to have this with a lobster quiche.

Moving on to sweeter things: The 2011 Joh. Jos. Prüm Mosel riesling kabinett ($24) seems to be having an off day with a very vegetal nose, a bit tangy, and quite assertive. The 2011 Two Princes Nahe riesling ($13) is pleasant with a little sugary sweetness and matching acidity, although the two aren’t as harmonious as they might be. The 2011 Knyphausen Baron K Rheingau riesling kabinett ($18) has a little more fruity personality — nice notes of apricot — but the sweetness is a tad clingy at the end.

My nice-for-the-price wine is the 2011 Carl Graff Graacher Himmelreich mosel riesling spatlese ($17), with its honey and citrus flavors, good body, and length on the palate, and my sweet-thang award goes to the 2011 Schloss Saarstein Saar riesling spatlese ($38). It is delicious, both elegant and big, with a good mix of honey and citrus and great acidity and length. It will also age well.

If you’re still with me, we will reward you with a pretty nice German red — the 2010 Bernhard-Huber Baden pinot noir ($37), which is quite similar to the real thing from Burgundy — dark cherry flavors with a little gaminess and a finishing tang with some savory spices.

(Photo Ribeauville Modified: Flickr/Andreea/CC 4.0)


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Red wines are made from blue or purple-colored grapes and tend to carry considerably more tannins thanks to the way red wines are made with extended contact between the grape juice and grape skins. Many of the most famous wines from Bordeaux, Burgundy, Italy, Australia, and the U.S. are red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, or Cab Franc grapes. They can be created in a variety of styles with a lighter body (or weight) to fuller-bodied profiles, with a variety of different palate profiles ranging from quite dry to sweet and fairly fruity in flavor to spicy and savory.

In the white wine category, famous grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and Chenin Blanc. White wines tend to focus on acidity and the fresh flavors of white fruit nuances. They may be crafted in either dry or sweet variations and range from fruity to floral, spicy to sweet, or rich and creamy on the nose and palate.

Typically made from red wine grapes with just a short exposure of the grape skins to the pressed grape juice, rosé wines are made in wine regions all over the globe and offer a refreshing, well-chilled alternative (especially in summer) to many of their red wine counterparts. Considerable re-branding has taken place with rosé wines in terms of their public perception. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a slew of sweet, syrupy "blush" rosé wines stacking the shelves, but today's market has started to embrace the decidedly dry styles especially from France, Italy, and Spain.

Champagne and sparkling wines are a popular type of wine for their bubbly personalities that scream, "Celebrate!" Made from red and white wine grapes, sparkling wines can be either white, rosé, or red. The bubbles come from a second fermentation that captures the carbon dioxide bubbles under sustained pressure. Sparkling wines range in style from ultra dry to quite sweet and super bubbly to slightly fizzy, with a full spectrum of flavors and aromas that span the scale from floral to fruit-filled and fresh-baked bread to creamy buttery tones.

Fortified wines are made from a still wine that has additional alcohol added to it, generally bringing the total alcohol by volume to the 17-20% mark. Popular types of fortified wines include Port, Sherry, Marsala, and Madeira. Made from both red and white wines, with a sweet scene that runs from dry to semi-dry all the way to full blown sweet, the sweeter versions of fortified wines are popular dessert wines.

There is one other type of wine to consider, though it will typically fall into one of the top five categories, and it is the dessert wine. Made from red or white wine grapes, and based on higher levels of residual sugar thanks to botrytis, frozen grapes, or fortification, dessert wines are a delicious delight but don't necessarily claim their own category when it comes down to the basics of distinguishing between wine types.


Watch the video: MOST CHARMING PLACE IN EUROPE! Alsace. Pros, Cons, Budget Tips. Episode 16. Riquewihr (January 2022).