The woman’s relatives are pretty sure she poisoned them with foot skin
A Maryland woman was arrested this week for allegedly serving her family milk laced with skin from her feet.
It’s a good rule of thumb to always be nice to the people handling one’s food, even if those people are one’s relatives, as one family found out the hard way this week when they discovered their nice glasses of fresh, wholesome milk were full of what looked like dead skin from someone’s foot.
According to Gawker, 56-year-old Sarah P. Her most recent arrest came after two family members drank milk at her house and allegedly started gagging on mouthfuls of what appeared to be flakes of dead skin shaved from someone’s foot.
Schrock reportedly told police she had nothing to do with the foot shavings in the milk. Schrock’s relative, Jessica Hurry, however, reportedly told police that Schrock frequently shaved dead skin off her feet because of diabetes and had “trays in her room with the same kind of dead skin shavings that had come off of her feet.”
Schrock has reportedly been arrested and charged with contaminating food and three counts of assault for serving her relatives milk full of foot shavings. The contamination of food is reportedly a felony and Schrock could face up to 25 years in prison if convicted.
The Scold's Bridle was an iron cage for a woman's face, used to punish "scolds" – women who nagged, gossiped, talked back, or just talked too much. The bridle would be locked on to your head, and a protruding piece of metal covered in spikes would be forced inside your mouth. Every time you moved your tongue, the spikes would lacerate it.
Sometimes the bridled woman was chained to a hook by the fireplace in her home until she learned her lesson. Or she might be led through town wearing the mask to increase her humiliation.
1) Best Irish joke &ldquoThe Doctor&rdquo
An Irishman goes to the doctor, who after examining him says
&ldquoYou have some problems with your heart, but if you take these tablets, I think it will be okay.
&ldquoSo the doctor gives the man the tablets and the patient asks,
&ldquoDo I have to take them every day?&rdquo
No,&rdquo replies the doctor, &ldquotake one on the Monday, skip the Tuesday, take one on the Wednesday, skip the Thursday and go on like that.
&ldquoTwo weeks later the doctor is walking down the street, and he sees the patient&rsquos wife. &ldquoHello Mrs Murphy,&rdquo he says, &ldquohow&rsquos your husband?&rdquo
&ldquoOh he died of a heart attack,&rdquo says Mrs Murphy.
&ldquoI&rsquom very sorry to hear that,&rdquo says the doctor, &ldquoI thought if he took those tablets he would be all right.&rdquo
&ldquoOh the tablets were fine,&rdquo says Mrs Murphy,
&ldquoIt was all the bloody skipping that killed him!&rdquo
Tampering with Food and Drink
The act of sneaking inedible or dangerous objects, such as glass, poison, drugs, etc., into an item of food or drink, with the hope that it kills/harms whoever has the misfortune to consume it. As such, it also covers deliberately adding an otherwise harmless ingredient to which the intended recipient is known to be allergic.
The non-lethal version of food tampering would be putting a love potion, sleeping potion/drug, etc. in food or more commonly, drinks also known as Slipping a Mickey. Another less fatal prank is switching the victim's usual drink with Blazing Inferno Hellfire Sauce or Gargle Blaster. A Laxative Prank is also fairly common. Well-intentioned tampering can also administer a remedy to a patient either unaware of their ailment or unwilling to take the cure. Attempting to do this to several different people at once can overlap with One Dose Fits All.
A variant of this trope is Medication Tampering.
It is common for the perpetrator to be a waiter/chef and the victim to be a rude customer or food critic who made the perpetrator angry.
If the perpetrator is unlucky, his plans may be thwarted by a Poisoned Chalice Switcheroo.
A character who suspects that the trope is going to be played on him might react with a Discreet Drink Disposal or Discreet Dining Disposal.
Compare Revenge Is a Dish Best Served, when someone puts something gross (but non-fatal) in food or drink to get back at someone (usually a grumpy or bossy customer). Clean Food, Poisoned Fork is when the means of eating the food is tampered for the same effect. Tainted Tobacco is where the poisoner tampers with the victim's smoking material rather than their food.
Compare the larger scale Water Source Tampering, usually perpetrated by conspiracies and such.
Razor Apples and Slipping a Mickey overlap with this trope. The Master Poisoner is highly likely to practice this art. Lethal versions are often Tricked to Death.
Stop Gaining Weight by Making Small Changes
Yet you don't have to go to great lengths to stop gaining weight. You can avoid adding extra pounds by making some simple changes to your lifestyle.
To avoid weight gain, experts recommend adding 2,000 steps a day to your routine, doing strength training two to three times a week, and shaving 100 calories from your diet each day.
Here are some simple ways to shave 100 calories a day:
- Eat two fewer cookies.
- Quench your thirst with sparkling water or a diet soft drink instead of sweetened beverages.
- Leave a few bites of food on your plate.
- Hold the mayonnaise or cheese on your sandwich. Replace it with mustard, lettuce and tomato.
- Switch from whole to fat-free milk.
- Use half your usual amount of salad dressing, and choose vinaigrette instead of creamy dressing.
- Use nonstick cooking spray instead of butter, margarine, or oil for pan-frying.
- Substitute low-fat or fat-free yogurt for sour cream in recipes.
- Control snack portions by putting your snacks in a baggie or on a plate instead of eating out of the bag,
- Drink 100% fruit juice instead of juice with added sugar.
- Choose light beer or wine instead of frozen or fruit-based cocktails.
- Order a cup of broth-based soup instead of a bowl.
- Pass on supersized menu options.
- Hold the croutons on your salad.
- Have a healthy appetizer and salad instead of an entrée when eating out.
- Top your pasta with vegetable sauce instead of cream sauce (and be sure to control portions.)
- Hold the butter on steamed vegetables. Flavor them with a squeeze of fresh lemon.
- Limit meat portions to 3-4 ounces (about the size of a deck of cards).
If you want to lose weight, begin by shaving 500 calories a day via diet and exercise. That should help you lose about a pound a week. Keep in mind that one pound of fat – not muscle or water weight -- is equal to 3,500 calories.
SOURCES: Elizabeth Ward, MS, RD, author, The Pocket Idiot's Guide to the New Food Pyramids. Felicia Stoler, MS, RD, host, TLC's Honey, We’re Killing the Kids.
Complaints and Grievances
There is not anyone who does not have problems and grievances with regard to daily life. Everyone likes to have a sympathetic person with whom he can confide and who will listen to his problems. But the point to remember is that "there is a time and place for everything". One should realize the proper time and occasion to complain. Some ignorant and selfish women do not realize that their husbands are very tired and nervous after a long day's work. Instead of waiting an hour or two for him to regain his spirits, they start attacking him with a barrage of complaints. For instance the wife may say:
"You have left me with these damned kids and rushed off. Ahmad has broken the glass in the door of the front room. Our daughters have been fighting. I am going crazy with the noise of the kids outside. Hasan does not study at all and he has secured poor marks. I have been working so hard today and I am exhausted. Nobody listens to my cries!
These kids don't help at all in the house-work. I wish I didn't have any children at all! By the way your sister was here today. I don't know what was wrong with her she acted as if I had swallowed her father's inheritance. May God save me from your mother! She has been talking ill about me behind my back. I am fed up with all of them. Also, I cut my finger badly with a knife today.
I wish I'd not gone to Muhammad's wedding yesterday. You should have seen Rashid's wife! What an outfit! Allah should give me the same luck! Some men really love their wives and buy them beautiful things. They are real husbands. When Rashid entered, everybody respected him. It's true that people are only interested in what you're wearing. What has she got that I haven't? Why should she show off in front of me?! Oh yes, she is fortunate to have a husband who loves her, he isn't like you!
I can't stand this damned house any longer, looking after your and your children. So do what you like!"
This sort of attitude is incorrect. Women of this sort think that their husbands are going on a picnic or pleasure-ride every morning. Men confront hundreds of problems every day. Dear lady! you do not know what your husband has gone through when he is at work. You do not know what rude and obnoxious people he has had to deal with all the day. So, when he comes home, you should not present all of your complaints at the same time. He should not feel guilty of being a man. Be fair and be considerate to him. If you, by grumbling and nagging, add to his worries and anguish, then he may either start a row or just leave the house and go to a cafe, cinema, or even walk around the streets.
Therefore, dear lady! For the sake of Allah, give up this habit of complaining at inopportune moments. Find a suitable time and then present him with your genuine problems, not by complaining, but in a consultative type of way. In this way, you do not create antagonistic feelings in him and the family bonds remain secure
"The Prophet (S) of Islam stated: 'The prayers of a woman who teases her husband with her tongue, are not accepted (by Allah) even though she fasts every day, gets up for the acts of worship every night, sets free a few slaves and donates her wealth in the way of Allah. A bad-tongue woman who hurts her husband in this way, is the first person who enters hell'."23
"The Holy Prophet (S) also stated: 'The women of Paradise say to those women who abuse their husbands in this way: 'May Allah kill you. Do not misbehave with your husband. This man (the husband) is not yours, and you do not deserve him. Soon he will leave you and come towards us'." 24
I do not know what such women want to achieve by their grumbling. If they want to attract their husband's attention or to show off, then surely they achieve the exact opposite and exasperate him. If they intend to distress him, to create for him psychological problems and to lead him towards fatal artificial addictions, then they are on the right track.
Dear lady! if you care about your husband and your family, then you should give up this improper and illogical attitude. Have you ever thought that your misconduct may lead towards breaking up your family life?
"One doctor testified in court: 'I have not yet seen my wife act like a proper housewife during all my married life. Our house is always in a mess. She is always shouting and abusing. I am fed up with her'. After paying her a lump sum money, he received divorce. He said joyfully: 'If she had wanted and had asked for all my wealth and even my medical degree, I would have given it to get rid of her sooner',"25
According to the National Crime Records Bureau of India, reported incidents of crime against women increased 6.4% during 2012, and a crime against a woman is committed every three minutes.   According to the National Crime Records Bureau, in 2011, there were greater than 228,650 reported incidents of crime against women, while in 2015, there were over 300,000 reported incidents, a 44% increase.   Of the women living in India, 7.5% live in West Bengal where 12.7% of the total reported crime against women occurs.  Andhra Pradesh is home to 7.3% of India's female population and accounts for 11.5% of the total reported crimes against women. 
65% of Indian men believe women should tolerate violence in order to keep the family together, and women sometimes deserve to be beaten.  In January 2011, the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) Questionnaire reported that 24% of Indian men had committed sexual violence at some point during their lives. 
Exact statistics on the extent case occurrences are very difficult to obtain, as a large number of cases go unreported. This is due in large part to the threat of ridicule or shame on the part of the potential reporter, as well as an immense pressure not to damage the family's honor.   For similar reasons, law enforcement officers are more motivated to accept offers of bribery from the family of the accused, or perhaps in fear of more grave consequences, such as Honor Killings 
To combat violence and other abuses against women, Telangana Police have established SHE Teams to focus on the safety of women.
Dowry deaths Edit
A dowry death is the murder or suicide of a married woman caused by a dispute over her dowry.  In some cases, husbands and in-laws will attempt to extort a greater dowry through continuous harassment and torture which sometimes results in the wife committing suicide,  or the exchange of gifts, money, or property upon marriage of a family's daughter.
The majority of these suicides are done through hanging, poisoning or self-immolation. When a dowry death is done by setting the woman on fire, it is called bride burning. Bride burning murder is often set up to appear to be a suicide or accident, sometimes by setting the woman on fire in such a way that it appears she ignited while cooking at a kerosene stove.  Dowry is illegal in India, but it is still common practice to give expensive gifts to the groom and his relatives at weddings which are hosted by the family of the bride. 
In Uttar Pradesh, 2,244 cases were reported, accounting for 27.3% of the dowry deaths nationwide.  In, Bihar, 1,275 cases were reported, accounting for 15.5% of cases nationwide. 
Incidents of dowry deaths have decreased 4.5% from 2011 to 2012. 
In 2018, still as many as 5,000 dowry deaths are recorded each year. 
|Year||Reported dowry deaths |
Honor killings Edit
An honor killing is a murder of a family member who has been considered to have brought dishonour and shame upon the family.  Examples of reasons for honor killings include the refusal to enter an arranged marriage, committing adultery, choosing a partner that the family disapproves of, and becoming a victim of rape.  Village caste councils or khap panchayats in certain regions of India regularly pass death sentences for persons who do not follow their diktats on caste or gotra.  The volunteer group known as Love Commandos from Delhi, runs a helpline dedicated to rescuing couples who are afraid of violence for marrying outside of caste lines. 
The most prominent areas where honor killings occur in India are northern regions. Honor killings are especially seen in Haryana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.   Honor killings have notably increased in some Indian states which has led to the Supreme Court of India, in June 2010, issuing notices to both the Indian central government and six states to take preventative measures against honor killings. 
Honor killings can be very violent. For example, in June 2012, a father decapitated his 20-year-old daughter with a sword upon hearing that she was dating a man who he did not approve of.  
Honor killings can also be openly supported by both local villagers and neighbouring villagers. This was the case in September 2013, when a young couple who married after having a love affair were brutally murdered. 
Witchcraft-related murders Edit
Murders of women accused of witchcraft still occur in India.    Poor women, widows, and women from lower castes are most at risk of such killings. 
Female infanticide and sex-selective abortion Edit
Female infanticide is the elected killing of a newborn female child or the termination of a female fetus through sex-selective abortion. In India, there is incentive to have a son, because they offer security to the family in old age and are able to conduct rituals for deceased parents and ancestors.  In contrast, daughters are considered to be a social and economic burden.  An example of this is dowry. The fear of not being able to pay an acceptable dowry and becoming socially ostracised can lead to female infanticide in poorer families. 
Modern medical technology has allowed for the sex of a child to be determined while the child is still a fetus.   Once these modern prenatal diagnostic techniques determine the sex of the fetus, families then are able to decide if they would like to abort based on sex. One study found that 7,997 of 8,000 abortions were of female fetuses.  The fetal sex determination and sex-selective abortion by medical professionals is now a R.s 1,000 crore (US$244 million) industry. 
The Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act of 1994 (PCPNDT Act 1994) was modified in 2003 in order to target medical professionals.  The Act has proven ineffective due to the lack of implementation. Sex-selective abortions have totaled approximately 4.2-12.1 million from 1980-2010.  There was a greater increase in the number of sex-selective abortions in the 1990s than the 2000s.  Poorer families are responsible for a higher proportion of abortions than wealthier families.  Significantly more abortions occur in rural areas versus urban areas when the first child is female. 
India is considered to be one of the world’s most dangerous country for sexual violence against women.  Rape is one of the most common crimes in India. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 defines rape as penile and non-penile penetration in bodily orifices of a woman by a man, without the consent of the woman.  According to the National Crime Records Bureau, one woman is raped every 20 minutes in India.  Incidents of reported rape increased 3% from 2011 to 2012.  Incidents of reported incest rape increased 46.8% from 268 cases in 2011 to 392 cases in 2012.  Despite its prevalence, rape accounted for 10.9% of reported cases of violence against women in 2016. 
|Year||Reported rapes  |
Victims of rape are increasingly reporting their rapes and confronting the perpetrators. Women are becoming more independent and educated, which is increasing their likelihood to report their rape. 
Although rapes are becoming more frequently reported, many go unreported or have the complaint files withdrawn due to the perception of family honour being compromised.  Women frequently do not receive justice for their rapes, because police often do not give a fair hearing, and/or medical evidence is often unrecorded which makes it easy for offenders to get away with their crimes under the current laws. 
Increased attention in the media and awareness among both Indians and the outside world is both bringing attention to the issue of rape in India and helping empower women to report the crime. After international news reported the gang rape of a 23-year-old student on a moving bus that occurred in Delhi, in December 2012, Delhi experienced a significant increase in reported rapes. The number of reported rapes nearly doubled from 143 reported in January–March 2012 to 359 during the three months after the rape. After the Delhi rape case, Indian media has committed to report each and every rape case. 
Marital rape Edit
In India, marital rape is not a criminal offense.  India is one of fifty countries that have not yet outlawed marital rape.  20% of Indian men admit to forcing their wives or partners to have sex. 
Marital rape can be classified into one of three types: 
- Battering rape: This includes both physical and sexual violence. The majority of marital rape victims experience battering rape.
- Force-only rape: Husbands use the minimum amount of force necessary to coerce his wife.
- Compulsive or obsessive rape: Torture and/or "perverse" sexual acts occur and are often physically violent.
Insult to modesty Edit
|Year||Assaults with intent to outrage modesty||Insults to the modesty of women  |
Modesty-related violence against women includes assaults on women with intent to outrage her modesty and insults to the modesty of women. From 2011 to 2012, there was a 5.5% increase in reported assaults on women with intent to outrage her modesty.  Madhya Pradesh had 6,655 cases, accounting for 14.7% of the national incidents.  From 2011 to 2012, there was a 7.0% increase in reported insults to the modesty of women.  Andhra Pradesh had 3,714 cases, accounting for 40.5% of the national accounts, and Maharashtra had 3,714 cases, accounting for 14.1% of the national accounts. 
Human trafficking and forced prostitution Edit
|Year||Imported girls from foreign countries||Violations of the Immoral Traffic Act  |
From 2011 to 2012, there was a 26.3% decrease in girls imported to India from another country.  Karnataka had 32 cases, and West Bengal had 12 cases, together accounting for 93.2% of the total cases nationwide. 
From 2011 to 2012, there was a 5.3% increase in violations of the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act of 1956.  Tamil Nadu had 500 incidents, accounting for 19.5% of the total nationwide, and Andhra Pradesh had 472 incidents, accounting for 18.4% of the total nationwide. 
Domestic violence is abuse by one partner against another in an intimate relationship such as dating, marriage, cohabitation or a familial relationship. Domestic violence is also known as domestic abuse, spousal abuse, battering, family violence, dating abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV). Domestic violence can be physical, emotional, verbal, economic and sexual abuse. Domestic violence can be subtle, coercive or violent. As politician Renuka Chowdhury says, in India, 70% of women are victims of domestic violence. 
38% of Indian men admit they have physically abused their partners.  The Indian government has taken measures to try to reduce domestic violence through legislation such as the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005. 
|Year||Reported cruelty by a husband or relative  |
Every 9 minutes, a case of cruelty is committed by either of husband or a relative of the husband.  Cruelty by a husband or his relatives is the greatest occurring crime against women. From 2011 to 2012, there was a 7.5% increase in cruelty by husbands and relatives. 
Girls are vulnerable to being forced into marriage at young ages, suffering from a double vulnerability: both for being a child and for being female. Child brides often do not understand the meaning and responsibilities of marriage. Causes of such marriages include the view that girls are a burden for their parents, and the fear of girls losing their chastity before marriage. 
Acid throwing, also called an acid attack, a vitriol attack or vitriolage, is a form of violent assault used against women in India.  Acid throwing is the act of throwing acid or an alternative corrosive substance onto a person's body "with the intention to disfigure, maim, torture, or kill."  Acid attacks are usually directed at a victim's face which burns the skin causing damage and often exposing or dissolving bone.   Acid attacks can lead to permanent scarring,  blindness, as well as social, psychological and economic difficulties. 
The Indian legislature has regulated the sale of acid.  Compared to women throughout the world, women in India are at a higher risk of being victims of acid attacks.  At least 72% of reported acid attacks in India have involved women.  India has been experiencing an increasing trend of acid attacks over the past decade. 
In 2010, there was a high of 27 reported cases of chemical assaults.  Scholars believe that acid attacks in India are being under-reported.  34% of acid attacks in India have been determined to be related to rejection of marriage or refusal by a woman of sexual advances.  20% of acid attacks have been determined to be related to land, property, and/or business disputes.  Acid attacks related to marriage are often spurred by dowry disagreements. 
|Year||Reported abductions  |
Incidents of reported kidnappings and abductions of women increased 7.6% from 2011 to 2012.  Uttar Pradesh had 7,910 cases, accounting for 22.2% of the total of cases nationwide.
The perpetuation of violence against women in India continues as a result of many systems of sexism and Patriarchy in place within Indian culture. Beginning in early childhood, young girls are given less access to education than their male counterparts. 80% of boys will go to primary school, whereas just over half of the girls will have that same opportunity.  Gender-based inequality is present even before that, however, as it is reported that female children are often fed less and are given less hearty diets that contain little to no butter, milk, or other more hearty foods.  Even when girls are taught about the inequity they will face in life, boys are uneducated on this and are therefore unprepared to treat women and girls as equals. 
Later in life, the social climate continues to reinforce inequality, and consequently, violence against women. Married women in India tend to see violence as a routine part of being married.  Women who are put in a situation where they are being subjected to gender-based violence are often victim shamed, being told that their safety is their own responsibility and that whatever may happen to them is their own fault.  In addition to this, women are very heavily pressured into complicity because of social and cultural beliefs, such as family honor.
Even when a woman who is a victim of gender-based violence or crime does decide to report the incident, it is not always likely that she will have access to the support she would need to handle the situation properly. Law enforcement officers and doctors will often choose not to report a case, due to fear that it might in some way damage their own honor, or otherwise bring shame to them.  In the case that she gets help from a doctor, there is no standard procedure for determining whether a woman is a victim of Sexual assault and doctors often resort to highly invasive and primitive methods such as the infamous "two-finger test" which can worsen the problem and can be psychologically damaging for the victim. 
Some organizations exist to help end the perpetuation of violence against women in India, most notably Dilaasa, a hospital-based crisis center for women operated in collaboration with CEHAT  with aims to provide proper care for survivors of violence against women and work towards ending gender inequality. From 2000 to 2013, about 3,000 victims of sexual assault, domestic abuse, or other forms of gender-based violence have registered with Dilaasa.  
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- Lodhia, Sharmila (2015). "From 'living corpse' to India's daughter: Exploring the social, political and legal landscape of the 2012 Delhi gang rape". Women's Studies International Forum. 50: 89–101. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2015.03.007.
- ^ Pandey, Pradeep Kumar, Marital Rape in India - Needs Legal Recognition (July 4, 2013).
- ^ ab Chowdhury, Renuka (26 October 2006). "India tackles domestic violence". BBC.
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- ^ Karmakar, R.N. (2003). Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. Academic Publishers. 81-87504-69-2.
- ^ ab "Breaking the Silence: Addressing Acid Attacks in Cambodia". Cambodian Acid Survivors Charity. May 2010. pp. 1–51. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- Swanson, Jordan (2002). "Acid attacks: Bangladesh's efforts to stop the violence". Harvard Health Policy Review. 3 (1): 1–4.
- Welsh, Jane (2009). 'It was like a burning hell': A Comparative Exploration of Acid Attack Violence (Thesis). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. pp. 19–21. OCLC950539215.
- ^ Bandyopadhyay, Mridula and Mahmuda Rahman Khan, 'Loss of face: violence against women in South Asia' in Lenore Manderson, Linda Rae Bennett (eds) Violence Against Women in Asian Societies (Routledge, 2003), 978-0-7007-1741-5
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52.Crimes against women in the 21st century,( 2021 ), international journal of multidisciplinary explorer.
McCartney was born Linda Louise Eastman, the second of four children, in affluent Scarsdale in Westchester County, New York.   She had one older brother, John, and two younger sisters, Laura and Louise Jr.  
Her father, Leopold Vail Epstein, was born in 1910 to Russian-Jewish immigrants, Louis and Stella Epstein.   His sister Rose Frisch became a noted scientist who worked on issues of women's fertility and population studies. 
He later changed his name to Lee Eastman.  He practiced entertainment law in New York for well-known clients, including bandleader Tommy Dorsey, songwriters Harold Arlen and Jack Lawrence, and fine artists such as Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko.  At Eastman's request, Lawrence wrote the song "Linda" when Eastman's daughter was four.  It was recorded by Buddy Clark in 1947 and went to number 1 on the charts.  Many girls born in the United States were named Linda in those years. The song was recorded again in 1963 by duo Jan and Dean. 
McCartney's mother, Louise Sara Eastman (née Lindner), was from a German Jewish family.   Her father was Max J. Lindner, founder of the Lindner Company clothing store in Cleveland, Ohio.
Eastman graduated from Scarsdale High School in 1959.  She then attended Vermont College, where she received an Associate of Arts degree in 1961.   Her brother John, who studied law like their father, later became Paul McCartney's attorney and manager. 
Linda preferred nature and animals.  After graduating from Vermont College she attended the University of Arizona and majored in fine arts. 
While Linda was studying at the University of Arizona her mother was killed in the 1962 crash of American Airlines Flight 1 in Jamaica Bay, Queens, New York.   As a result, Linda grew to hate traveling by air.  In Arizona she took up nature photography as a hobby. 
Linda married Melville See after her mother died in 1962. They had a daughter, Heather, in December 1962. The couple divorced in 1965, and Linda resumed using her maiden name.
She became a receptionist and editorial assistant for Town & Country magazine.  In 1965 she became romantically involved with photographer David Dalton. She studied how he worked during photo shoots, how he set up shots and managed lighting and composition. When she began her own shoots, such as with music groups, he said he was "astonished" at how easily she could take control of unruly or uncooperative musicians.  He said that shooting rock groups was "a bloody pain in the neck. But with the lovely Linda, all this changed. Now their eyes were pinned on her." 
Dalton was also impressed by the intelligence of Eastman's daughter. "Linda and I would get high and Heather would say the most amazing things. I'd think, 'This is André Breton at six years old!'" He added that he found Linda's relationship with Heather a "very charming aspect of her life with this wonderful child". 
When the magazine received an invitation to photograph the Rolling Stones during a record promotion party on a yacht, Eastman immediately volunteered to represent the publication.  The photo shoot marked a turning point in her life:
I was the only photographer they allowed on the yacht. I just kept clicking away with the camera, and they enjoyed it and I enjoyed it, and suddenly I found that taking pictures was a great way to live and a great way to work. 
Eastman's father wanted her to undertake formal training with a professional photographer. "Well, I never had the patience for that," she said. "I had to trust my feelings."  But she studied the photography of horses at college in Arizona under Hazel Larsen Archer and became an avid nature hobbyist, using a high-quality Leica camera.  A few months after her Rolling Stones shoot, she was allowed backstage at Shea Stadium, where the Beatles performed. 
Eastman had gained some experience in celebrity photography, and became an unofficial house photographer at Bill Graham's Fillmore East concert hall. Among the artists she photographed there were Todd Rundgren, Aretha Franklin, Grace Slick, Jimi Hendrix, Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, Eric Clapton, Simon & Garfunkel, the Who, the Doors, the Animals, John Lennon and Neil Young. Her photo of Young, taken in 1967, was used on the cover of Sugar Mountain – Live at Canterbury House 1968 in 2008.
She photographed Clapton for Rolling Stone magazine and became the first woman to have a photograph on the cover (May 11, 1968). After marrying McCartney, Linda's photo of the two of them appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone on January 31, 1974, making her the only person to appear on the magazine's cover who was also the photographer. Her photographs were later exhibited in more than 50 galleries internationally, and at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. A collection of photographs from that time, Linda McCartney's Sixties: Portrait of an Era, was published in 1988.  She also took the photograph for the cover of Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson's single "The Girl Is Mine". 
After the Beatles broke up in 1970, Paul taught Linda to play keyboards and recorded an album with her, Ram, as a duo. The couple formed the band Wings.  They garnered several Grammy Awards, becoming one of the most successful British bands of the 1970s, but had to endure jibes about Linda's singing.  She later said that criticisms that she sang out of tune in Wings' early days were true. 
In 1977 the reggae-inspired single "Seaside Woman" was released by an obscure band called Suzy and the Red Stripes on Epic Records in the United States. Suzy and the Red Stripes were Wings, with Linda (who wrote the song) on lead vocals.  The song, recorded by Wings in 1972, was written in response to allegations from Paul's publisher that Linda's co-writing credits were inauthentic and that she was not a real songwriter. In 1971 Northern Songs and Maclen Music filed a lawsuit alleging that Paul McCartney had violated an exclusive rights agreement by collaborating with Linda on the song "Another Day", which had the effect of transferring a 50% share of the publishing royalties to his own McCartney Music company.  The lawsuit was "amicably settled," according to an ATV spokesman, in June 1972. 
The McCartneys shared an Oscar nomination for the song "Live and Let Die" they were photographed together at the event in April 1974.  Linda's album Wide Prairie, which included "Seaside Woman," was released posthumously in 1998.  Along with eight other British composers, Paul contributed to the choral album A Garland for Linda, and he dedicated his classical album Ecce Cor Meum (1999) to Linda. 
Melville See Jr. (1962–1965) Edit
Eastman's first marriage was to Joseph Melville See Jr. (April 19, 1938 – March 19, 2000),  whom she met in college. He received a geology degree from Princeton and undertook graduate studies at the University of Arizona in Tucson. Eastman followed him there, where she enrolled at the university to study art history. She was there in March 1962 when her mother was killed in a commercial plane crash.
She married See in June 1962, and their daughter Heather Louise was born on December 31, 1962. The couple had dissimilar lifestyles, became increasingly unhappy, and divorced in June 1965. He was an academic who spent much of his time studying and doing research, while she preferred a less intellectual home life. She loved the wide open spaces in Arizona and enjoyed riding horses through the desert landscape. The settings, with saguaro cacti, reminded her of scenery from western films, which inspired her to take up photography as a hobby. 
Paul McCartney (1969–1998) Edit
On May 15, 1967, while on a photo assignment in London, Eastman met Paul McCartney at the Bag O'Nails club, where Georgie Fame was performing. They met again four days later at the launch party for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band at Brian Epstein's house. When her assignment was completed, she flew back to New York City.  : 432
They got together again the following May in New York, while McCartney and John Lennon were there to inaugurate Apple Records.  A few months after he returned to London, McCartney invited Eastman to spend some time with him there. When she arrived, they went to his home, where they spent the evening. "He must have been really happy that night," said one of the fans who often loitered outside his home. "He sat on the windowsill with his acoustic guitar and sang 'Blackbird' to us" from his upstairs room." 
McCartney was attracted to Eastman for a number of reasons, which he explained later: "I liked her as a woman, she was good-looking with a good figure, so physically I was attracted to her."  : 471 McCartney also liked her sense of independence:
"Her mental attitude was quite rebellious . [growing up] she was the kind of kid who would hang out in the kitchen with the black maids" to learn cooking. She disliked socializing. They both liked natural surroundings, he said, and they shared a love of nature, which became one of their most important emotional links.  : 471 He knew that because of her "very free spirit," she was considered a rebel and a black sheep by her family for avoiding excelling in education, unlike her father and brother. "She was an artist," Paul said, "and was not cut out to be an academic."  : 471
Linda's daughter, Heather, created another strong bond between them, since he had always liked and wanted children of his own. When McCartney first met Heather, who was nearly six, he insisted that she and Linda move to London to live with him. After they did, he devoted time to Heather, playing with her, reading her stories, and drawing cartoons with her. He sang her to sleep at bedtime. 
Biographer Philip Norman notes that Linda had some personality aspects which Paul admired. She seemed less concerned with clothing or her public appearance, preferring to dress casually, even in semi-formal settings. She typically held his arm when they were together, often "gazing up at him in awe," and seeming to idolize him.  Paul's friends said that he began to be less formal, whether shaving less often or just wearing simpler clothes. "He could go on the bus down to Apple," said his maid, "and no one would recognize him." 
Linda's relaxed attitude about everyday things began to affect him in other ways. He recalls once feeling guilty because he was exhausted from work and, having trained himself to never appear tired, apologized to her. She simply replied, "it's allowed," which amazed him. "I remember thinking, Fucking hell! That was a mind-blower. I'd never been with anyone who thought like that . it was patently clear that it was allowed to be tired." 
They were married in a small civil ceremony at Marylebone Town Hall on March 12, 1969.    British fans reacted negatively, partly because his marriage ended McCartney's status as the last unattached Beatle.  : 51 John Lennon married Yoko Ono a week later, and both women were perceived by fans as reasons for the group's breakup.  : 50 Lennon at one point publicly criticized the way the press treated Linda: "She got the same kind of insults, hatred, absolute garbage thrown at her for no reason whatsoever other than she fell in love with Paul McCartney."  : 52
In late 1969, Paul fell into a deep depression due to the Beatles' pending breakup.  He spent days in bed and drank excessively, wondering what to do with his life.  McCartney later said that Linda helped him pull out of that crisis by praising his work as a songwriter and persuading him to continue writing and recording.  : 131
After a few troubled months, Paul McCartney wrote "Maybe I'm Amazed" in Linda's honor. He explained during an interview that the song was written "for me and Linda," and that with the Beatles breaking up,
"that was my feeling: Maybe I'm amazed at what's going on . Maybe I'm a man and maybe you're the only woman who could ever help me Baby won't you help me understand . Maybe I'm amazed at the way you pulled me out of time, hung me on the line, Maybe I'm amazed at the way I really need you." He added that "every love song I write is for Linda."  
During their 29-year marriage, the McCartneys had four children: she brought her daughter Heather from her first marriage (whom Paul later formally adopted), and together the couple had Mary (b. 1969), Stella (b. 1971), and James (b. 1977).
They sometimes went to his farmhouse retreat in western Scotland, which he purchased before they met, a hidden place he used to "escape Beatlemania."  : 470 They both liked and needed time away from the city, and were equally attracted to natural surroundings, writes biographer Barry Miles. "We'd just enjoy sitting out in nature," Paul said.  : 470 The song "Two of Us" on Let it Be was written by Paul during one of their country drives. "This song was about that: doing nothing, trying to get lost . [and] the wonderfully free attitude we were able to have.  : 470 
Linda recalled the setting:
Scotland was like nothing I'd ever lived in. It was the most beautiful land you have ever seen, way at the end of nowhere. To me it was the first feeling I'd ever had of civilization dropped away . so different from all the hotels and limousines and the music business, so it was quite a relief.  : 522
McCartney began writing more of his songs away from the studio. "I found that I was enjoying working alone," he said.  : 571 He wrote the song "The Lovely Linda" for his debut solo album while they were staying in Scotland.  : 571 In 1971 they recorded the album Ram.
She became Lady McCartney when her husband was knighted in 1997. Her brother, entertainment lawyer John Eastman, has represented McCartney since the Beatles' breakup. 
Vegetarianism and animal rights Edit
Paul and Linda McCartney became vegetarian in 1971, and she promoted a vegetarian diet through her cookbooks: Linda McCartney's Home Cooking (with author Peter Cox, 1989),  Linda's Kitchen, and Simple and Inspiring Recipes for Meatless Meals. She explained her change to vegetarianism by saying that she did not "eat anything with a face . If slaughterhouses had glass walls the whole world would be vegetarian".  
The McCartneys became outspoken vegetarians and animal rights activists. In 1991, Linda introduced a line of frozen vegetarian meals under the Linda McCartney Foods name, which made her wealthy independently of her husband. The H. J. Heinz Company acquired the company in March 2000, and the Hain Celestial Group bought it in 2007. 
A strong advocate of animal rights, Linda lent her support to many organizations, such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the Council for the Protection of Rural England, and Friends of the Earth. She was also a patron of the League Against Cruel Sports.  She narrated a TV advertisement for PETA in which she said: "Have you ever seen a fish gasping for breath when you take it out of the water? They're saying, 'Thanks a lot for killing me. It feels great, you know.' No! It hurts!"  After her death, PETA created the Linda McCartney Memorial Award. 
In 1984, McCartney was arrested in Barbados for possession of marijuana her husband had been arrested in 1975 in Los Angeles on the same charge.  After flying to Heathrow Airport, she was arrested on charges of possession. She later said that, while hard drugs are "disgusting", marijuana is "pretty lightweight".   
McCartney was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1995, and her condition soon grew worse when the cancer metastasized to her liver.  Paul McCartney was aware of the prognosis: "The doctors had told me privately that we'd caught it too late, that she'll have about 18 months. And that was what she had."   She died from the disease at the age of 56 on April 17, 1998, at the McCartney family ranch in Tucson, Arizona. Her family was with her when she died. 
She was cremated in Tucson, and her ashes were scattered at the McCartney farm in Sussex, England.  Her husband later suggested that fans remember her by donating to breast cancer research charities that did not support animal testing, "or the best tribute—go veggie." A memorial service was held at St. Martin-in-the-Fields in London, which was attended by George Harrison, Ringo Starr, Billy Joel, Elton John, David Gilmour, Peter Gabriel, and other celebrities among a congregation of 700.  A memorial service was also held at Riverside Church in Manhattan, two months after her death.  "She was my girlfriend," McCartney said at her funeral. "I lost my girlfriend." 
She left all her property to Paul, including royalties from books and records, and rights to her photos.   He has pledged to continue her line of vegetarian food, and to keep it free from genetically modified organisms. 
Tributes and dedications Edit
A few months after her death, the Edinburgh International Film Festival premiered Wide Prairie, a six-minute cartoon fantasy film McCartney made with director Oscar Grillo.  
In April 1999, Paul McCartney performed at the "Concert for Linda" tribute at the Royal Albert Hall, organized by two of their friends, Chrissie Hynde and Carla Lane.  Among the artists who performed, besides Paul, were George Michael, the Pretenders, Elvis Costello, Tom Jones, and Neil Finn.  Paul closed the concert by dedicating the event to Linda, whom he called his "beautiful baby," and their children. 
In January 2000, Paul announced donations in excess of $2,000,000 for cancer research at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York and the Arizona Cancer Center in Tucson, where Linda received treatment. The donations, through the Garland Appeal, were made on the condition that no animals would be used for testing.  Also in 2000, The Linda McCartney Centre, a cancer clinic, opened at The Royal Liverpool University Hospital. In November 2002, the Linda McCartney Kintyre Memorial Trust opened a memorial garden in Campbeltown, the main town in Kintyre, with a bronze statue of her by her cousin, sculptor Jane Robbins.  
Linda and Paul McCartney appeared as themselves on an episode of Bread in 1988, and in "Lisa the Vegetarian", an episode of The Simpsons, in 1995. After her death, The Simpsons' 200th episode, "Trash of the Titans", which aired on April 26, 1998, and Paul McCartney's 2000 film Tuesday (directed by Geoff Dunbar) [ citation needed ] were both dedicated to her memory.  Simpsons executive producer Mike Scully said, "It just seemed like the right thing to do. Everyone here was surprised and saddened by her death." 
Elizabeth Mitchell and Gary Bakewell played the McCartneys in the 2000 TV movie The Linda McCartney Story.  She was portrayed as "Linda Eastman" in the 1985 TV movie John and Yoko: A Love Story. 
America’s Out Of Control “Teens” Are On A Historic Crime Spree
Young people are running wild all over the country, and nobody seems to be able to come up with a solution to slow down the violence. Following the tragic death of George Floyd, teens were disproportionally involved in the rioting, looting and arson that erupted in major cities throughout the nation for the remainder of 2020. And sometimes they would just take out their frustrations on random people on the street. But in addition to violence that was spurred by social movements, most of our urban areas also experienced dramatic spikes in their murder rates. In fact, one recently released report found that murder rates rose by an average of 30 percent in 34 of our largest cities…
THE HOMICIDE RATE across 34 American cities increased by 30% on average during 2020, according to experts, as the U.S. reeled from the coronavirus pandemic and widespread protests against police brutality.
The newly released report from the National Commission on COVID-19 and Criminal Justice found that homicides rose in 29 of the 34 cities studied and that the three largest cities in the sample – New York, Los Angeles and Chicago – accounted for 40% of the additional homicide victims in 2020.
That 30 percent average increase was the biggest one year spike ever recorded, and way too much of the time these murders are being committed by Americans under the age of 20.
For example, two Milwaukee teens were just charged with the rape and murder of a young woman named Ee Lee…
Kamare Lewis, 17, and Kevin Spencer, 15 each face one count of first-degree intentional homicide, as party to a crime and one count of first-degree sexual assault (great bodily harm), as party to a crime.
Lee was found Sept. 16, 2020 in Washington Park by “bystanders,” still breathing but unconscious, severely beaten and left for dead. She was undressed below the waist, indicating sexual assault. She suffered severe contusions to the face/head. A hospital examination confirmed the sex assault.
Lee later died from her injuries on September 19th.
But it wasn’t just Lewis and Spencer that were involved in this brutal attack. In fact, we are being told that a total of 11 youths were seen leaving the area…
Video from the Washington Park Library showed 11 people leaving the park — six in a group on bicycles five in a separate group, some on bikes and others on foot.
Rates for trucking, ocean containers, airfreight, parcels, you name it, the costs for shipping consumer & industrial goods are surging.
By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.
The dollar-amount spent by shippers, such as manufacturers or retailers, on shipping their goods jumped by 13% in December from a year earlier, driving the Cass Freight Index of Expenditures to a new record (red line). The amount spent on freight is a function of shipment volume and freight rates:
The Cass Freight Index covers shipments by all modes of transportation, but is heavily concentrated on shipments by truck, with truckload accounting for over half of the expenditures, followed by less-than-truckload (LTL), rail, parcel services, etc. It does not cover commodities.
The freight rates embedded in the index jumped by 6.0% in December compared to a year earlier. “Based in part on spot trends, the acceleration in freight rates is likely to persist in the coming months,” Cass said in the report.
Shipment volume surged 6.7% year-over-year, given the Pandemic shift in consumer spending to goods that need to be shipped, from services that are not shipped. But shipment volume in December (red line in the chart below) remained below the levels of 2018 (black) and 2017 (brown) at this time of the year:
While Americans have cut back buying services, and spending on services remains sharply lower year-over year, they have been buying all kinds of goods, and many categories in record quantities, to where periodic supply shortages have cropped up here and there since March, ranging from hot-tubs to low-end laptops.
Retail sales (goods) in December rose by 4.8% from a year earlier to a record $620 billion (“not seasonally adjusted,” red line in the chart below). Everyone got sidetracked by the dip in “seasonally adjusted” retail sales. That dip was likely due to seasonal adjustments that had gone awry, particularly for ecommerce, due to the massive distortions in spending during the Pandemic:
In addition to consumer goods, there are industrial goods that supply manufacturers, oil and gas drilling operations, and construction – and single-family house construction is going wild right now. All these goods have to be transported. And in terms of consumer goods, many of them are imported.
So the freight rates for shipping containers from China to the US – and to Europe and other countries – have exploded, amid a mad scramble for empty containers. The Shanghai Containerized Freight Index (SCFI), which tracks the average spot rate of shipping containers from Shanghai on 13 major shipping routes, nearly tripled from a year ago to a record of 2,885 as of Friday.
Container rates to the US West Coast, which account for 20% of the SCFI, rose to a new record of $4,054 per FEU (Forty-foot-Equivalent Unit), a standard measuring unit in the shipping industry. Chart of the SCFI via Shanghai Shipping Exchange:
FedEx and UPS, amid spiking shipment volume due to the boom in ecommerce, announced a slew of rate increases, most of which have now taken effect. These rate increases come on top of similar rate increases a year ago.
FedEx increased its rate for FedEx Freight by an “average” of 5.9% and for FedEx Express, FedEx Ground, and FedEx Home Delivery by 4.9%. Surcharges increased between 3.2% and 9.3%. Among a slew of other increases, it imposed a new residential delivery surcharge (effective February 15). UPS increased its rates for Ground, Air, and International on “average” by 4.9%, in addition to other increases of fees and surcharges.
Air freight rates suddenly spiked in the spring. By December, the average rate per kilogram for example from Hong Kong to North America had shot up by 107% year-over-year to $7.50 per kilogram, according to the TAC Index, reported by Air Cargo News.
Before the Pandemic, roughly half of all air freight was carried in the belly holds of passenger planes. When airlines parked their passenger aircraft in March and April, they removed that freight capacity from the market, with massive effect. For example, from February to May the average rate from Hong Kong to North America shot up by 142% from $3.19 per kg to $7.73 per kg. As airlines began stuffing passenger compartments with freight, and as they began flying more planes, the spike began to wind down. But in October, prices began to spike again. In December, they hit $7.50 per kg, up by 107% year-over-year.
The pressures for each of these segments are different but all are related to the big shifts and distortions that occurred as a result of the Pandemic, during which consumers cut back spending on services and threw their stimulus money and stock market gains at goods, particularly durable goods, which created a lot of demand for the transportation industry.
But the transportation industry had its own issues when this demand for its services suddenly surged.
Planes were parked or retired in March and April, with airlines furiously trying to stay out of bankruptcy as their passenger business had collapsed. And the cargo capacity of those planes vanished from the market.
Trucking companies had just gone through their own crisis. Hundreds of them had filed for bankruptcy in 2019 as a result of the sharp downturn in the freight business, declining mileage rates, and pressures from debt. Many were liquidated. Most of them were small. But it also included regional carriers, such as New England Motor Freight and car-hauler Jack Cooper. And in December 2019, one of the largest full-truckload operators in the US, Celadon collapsed chaotically into bankruptcy. This took some capacity off the road.
In addition, trucking companies had drastically cut their purchases of new Class-8 trucks in 2019. They’re now trying to make up for it with historic spikes in orders, but it will be a while before these units are delivered.
And container carriers – having gone through a multiyear crisis of overcapacity and collapsed freight rates that sent some of the larger ones into bankruptcy, such as Korean carrier Hanjin in 2016 – have not sufficiently invested in containers, hence the current container shortage, and were purposefully slow in adding idled capacity in 2020, when demand surged, loving the resulting spike in freight rates all the way to the bank.
Perhaps fearing the exposure to this type of surge in freight rates, Amazon, for which shipping is a huge expense item, started to build its own transportation empire a few years ago, from last-mile delivery to a rapidly growing fleet of cargo planes for Amazon Air.
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